WHAT IS SCOLIOSIS?
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. Structural scoliosis involves curvature and rotation of the spine. There is no cure for this condition without intervention. It is also the most common form of scoliosis. Patients may require treatment to rectify structural scoliosis, thus being more detrimental
Moreover, nonstructural, or functional, scoliosis refers to spinal anatomy that has “side-to-side” curvature, without rotation of the spine. An individual with this kind of scoliosis may rectify the ailment by bending forward, laying down, or stretching. Therefore, being less serious of a condition.
WHAT CAUSES SCOLIOSIS?
There are many causes of scoliosis. This includes congenital, neuromuscular, injury-related, infectious, or degenerative factors. Though it can come to fruition from several variables, the root cause of the condition may be unknown during childhood or from age-related degeneration during adulthood.
WHAT DOES SCOLIOSIS FEEL LIKE?
Symptoms may include high riding shoulder and/or hip, neck pain, mid back pain, low back pain, and numbness. Severity of symptoms depends on how much anatomical distortion the scoliosis causes. Many people may not experience any functional symptoms at all.
HOW DO YOU DIAGNOSE SCOLIOSIS?
The first step to properly diagnosing scoliosis is by obtaining a medical history. This history may include your physician asking about your signs and symptoms and conducting a physical examination. Additionally, a physical exam, which includes observing the positioning of the spine and rib-cage, may be sufficient to diagnosis the condition. Standard X-Ray films can confirm the presence or absence of scoliosis. Patients may required additional testing, such as MRIs or CTs, to shed light on underlying anomalies.
HOW DO YOU TREAT SCOLIOSIS?
Treatment options may vary depending on the severity of the curve to the spine. Initially, a focus on conservative care is taken. However, if needed patient will have the option to have complex surgical scoliosis correction. Certain minimally invasive procedures and techniques can be utilized to minimize risk of complications during spinal reconstruction.